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The Importance of preventing learning loss during summer and other
Extensive research has been conducted showing that significant learning loss takes place
during summer breaks and other away-from-school time periods. In research conducted
by Cooper et al.
, the analysis showed that summer learning loss equaled at least one
month of instruction. Especially vulnerable are mathematical computation skills and
skills related to reading and writing, such as spelling skills.
In addition, children who speak a language at home other than English experience a
setback in their English language skills without practice during school breaks.
In order to prevent and slow this learning loss, students must have access to grade
appropriate activities and practice materials during their away-from-school time. Kids
Learn was designed to bridge the away-from-school gap in instruction with activities that
are based on standards of learning, as well as best practices in education and learning.
Kids Learn includes student-directed activities in mathematics, reading, and writing. The
average learning loss in mathematical computation skills over the summer months is
approximately 2.6 months of grade level equivalency.
Approximately 30% of the
practice pages in Kids Learn provide basic mathematical skills review and computational
practice. The remainder of the pages review reading and writing skills.
In addition to the general learning loss experienced during the summer, studies show that
this loss contributes to the achievement gap in reading performance, especially between
lower and higher income children.
Kids Learn addresses this phenomenon by including
both reading and writing activities. For example, students may be asked to read a
passage or a book and write a directed/constructed response to it or they may be required
to follow written directions in order to complete an activity. The reading selections are
written at the reading level for the grade the students recently completed, maintaining
their reading skills at an appropriate grade level.
The importance of the connection between and reading and writing and how this
connection improves both skill sets has been supported through research by Whyte
Kids Learn offers many opportunities to make that all-important reading-writing
connection. For example, each ten-page section includes an activity that requires the
student to read a book and write about it.
And finally, studies show that students are most susceptible to losing facts and procedural
skills during instructional breaks.
That is why Kids Learn places a strong focus on 2
practicing and reinforcing basic skills such as phonics, punctuation, parts of speech,
seeing patterns in number sequences, and knowing the value of coins and bills.
A synthesis and analysis of studies of learning suggests that there are nine factors that
influence learning. The top two factors are:
1. Amount of time students engage in learning
2. Quality of the instructional experience including method and content.
Kids Learn addresses both of those factors by extending the learning beyond the
traditional school year, and by providing research- and standards-based activities that
practice both basic skills, as well as higher level skills needed for success in school and
For additional research on the topic of summer learning loss, TCM recommends the
influential article, The Learning Season: Untapped Power of Summer to Advance Student
Achievement, written by Beth M. Miller, Ph.D. and commissioned by the Nellie Mae
Foundation. This report is a synthesis of the latest research and data on how
opportunities and experiences children have outside of school result in gaps in
achievement-test scores. The author asserts “In fact, summer programs have the potential
to close the test-score gaps in a way that thus far has alluded us” (pg. 3). To illustrate
this potential, the author takes a look at why summer makes a difference for middle-class
and lower-income families through the learning. Using data gathered from different
types of summer programs implemented around the country, the author analyzes the
efficacy of these programs and who participates in them. To conclude, the author makes
policy recommendations, so all students have equal access to high-quality summer
experiences. Through this report, the Nellie Mae Foundation hopes to spark public
dialogue, policy changes, and on-going research about summer learning. This article can
be accessed at http://www.nmefdn.org/Research/. Click on the link titled “New Nellie
Mae Education Foundation Research Reveals that Summer Learning is more important
than previously believed.”
Dick Clark: From 'American Bandstand' to 'New Year's Rockin' Eve'
Dick Clark, who died of a massive heart attack on Wednesday at age 82, left behind hundreds of hours of television footage from a lifetime of hosting. Though Clark didn't hold the record for having the most hours of his life broadcast on TV (that distinction goes to Regis Philbin), he was a reliable TV presence from the 1950s into the 21st century.
Although he made his TV debut as host of the country music program "Cactus Dick and the Santa Fe Riders" on a Utica, N.Y., television station in the mid-1950s, he didn't become a household name until "American Bandstand" began broadcasting nationally on ABC in 1957. (Previously, he had been fill-in host of the show, then called "Bob Horn's Bandstand" and broadcast only in Philadelphia).
The series ran weekdays until 1963 and then became a weekly show until 1987. Here's Clark opening the broadcast in 1966, two years after it moved from Philadelphia to Hollywood.